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The Lord's Prayer

Despite all the prayers in all the books you have seen, the fact is that the Lord himself gave us only one prayer, and he said it was all we needed. This is why it is called "The Lord's Prayer." The "Our Father," as it is sometimes referred to, is found in two locations within the Bible. Of course, since it is the Word spoken by Jesus Christ, both mentions are in the New Testament. You will find it in Matthew 6:9-13, within the great Sermon on the Mount, and also in the Gospel of Luke 11:2-4.  


Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name.
Thy Kingdom come, Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread;
and forgive us our trespasses
as we forgive those who trespass against us;
and lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil.

Matthew Version:

Our Father in heaven,
Hallowed be Your name.
Your kingdom come.
Your will be done
On earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our debts,
As we forgive our debtors.
And do not lead us into temptation.
But deliver us from the evil one.
For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.

The Christian or Eastern (Greek, Russian, etc.) Orthodox Church offers a study bible that helps understanding of scripture based on theologian study and analysis since the days of our Lord. Their efforts have been enlightened by the Holy Spirit, besides being given important and patient thought. Please trust in them, as they offer a deeper look at The Lord's Prayer.

Interpretation of the Prayer:

The Father-Son relationship between God the Father and God the Son reveals the nature of our relationship with God. For Christ Himself, the Son of the Father by nature, grants us the privilege of calling the Creator "our Father" by the grace of adoption. As a "son" of God in Christ, the Christian is called to love, trust and serve God, as a son would his father. The emphasis in Scripture is not on a universal Fatherhood of God through creation, but on a saving and personal relationship with Him who is our Father by adoption through the Spirit. (see Rom. 8:14-16)

"Daily" is a misleading translation of the Greek epiousios, which is literally "above the essence" or "supersubstantial." The expression "daily bread" indicates not merely bread for this day, taken for sustenance of life; it is bread for the eternal day of the Kingdom of God, for sustenance of our immortal life. It is living "superessential" bread. This bread, prepared by God in the beginning for the immortality of our nature, is the Bread of Life which will triumph over the death brought about by sin.

Jesus commands us to seek first the Kingdom of God (v. 33). Here He tells us to ask not merely for material bread which keeps us in good physical health, but for the spiritual bread which gives us life - the Living Bread, Christ Himself, given in the Holy Eucharist to those who receive Him.

We request God to "forgive us" as we are to forgive others. By using the plural, Jesus directs each of us to pray for the Father's forgiveness of all, and for all of us to forgive one another. Although God's forgiveness is primary, Jesus clearly teaches that there is a reciprocal relationship between divine and human forgiveness. We request God to be to us as we are to our neighbors. "Debts" refers to spiritual debts: when we sin, we "owe" restitution to our offended neighbor and to God.

We pray not only that our sins be forgiven, but that we not yield to "temptation." God tempts no one; temptations are from "the evil one," the devil. They are aimed at the soul's willful yielding to the sinful passions of the flesh (Rom. 7:5). No one can live without at some time encountering temptation. But to yield to temptation and commit sin is blameworthy. Thus we pray that great temptations, tests beyond what we can bear (1 Cor. 10:13), should not come our way.

We hope our work here helps you to better understand the Lord's Prayer.